Control over feeding It must be a fundamental life habit for anyone. However, in certain cases, such as patients with diabetes, the intake of certain foods should be limited to prevent different problems of Health and the sudden increase in blood glucose levels.
It should be noted that people with diabetes They are not prohibited from consuming any specific food. However, they must limit the consumption of a series of products that cause a significant rise in blood glucose.
When there is a significant rise in blood glucose levels, it is called ‘hyperglycemia’ and it especially affects people with type 2 diabetes. Thus, two elements of food that influence glucose levels are carbohydrates and the glycemic index.
What is the glycemic index?
The glycemic index is a term coined in food to define the ability of food to increase blood glucose. In this sense, this would be an essential element of each food to know to what extent it can raise blood glucose.
Although another fundamental aspect for people with diabetes is the amount of carbohydrates that a food provides. And for this, the term glycemic load was established.
To find out the glycemic load of foods, the glycemic index is multiplied by the carbohydrates in the portion of a food and divided by 100.
Really the fundamental aspect to take into account is the glycemic load of the food. This is because a food may have a high glycemic index, but the glycemic peak is not that high.
This phenomenon occurs with a wide variety of fruits, which despite having a high glycemic index, their carbohydrate composition is minimal. A clear example of this fact is watermelon.
Foods that increase blood glucose levels
In this sense, in gastronomy we find a huge variety of foods, many of which can cause an increase in blood glucose levels very quickly. This occurs mainly in people with diabetes.
Thus, some of the foods that increase blood glucose the most are the following:
- Mashed potatoes.
- Ice creams.
- Sugary Cereals.
- Refined wheat flour.
- Pastry and bakery products.
- Maize or cassava starch.
- Sweet potato.
- Caramel sauce.
- Sweet cookies.
All these foods should be limited in the diet of a person with diabetes, to avoid sudden increases in blood glucose levels, which can cause episodes of hyperglycemia. Thus, patients with diabetes should regulate their diet and try to consume foods that allow them to maintain adequate blood glucose levels.
Tips to control blood glucose in your diet
The main factor to control blood glucose is diet, although then other external elements such as physical exercise or high temperatures can also influence. Therefore, it is important to know good eating habits in this regard.
In this sense, there are also a good variety of foods and products that help minimize blood glucose levels and maintain optimal levels during the day to day. Although, these are some recommendations for its correct regularization
- Protein combination: Cheese, eggs, lean meats or dairy products.
- Fiber: Fruits with skin, vegetable salads, wheat bran, oats or whole grains.
- Combination of fats from vegetable oils (olive, sunflower … etc.)
- In order not to increase blood glucose levels, it is appropriate to avoid processed foods such as purees or smoothies.
- In case of consuming potatoes or sweet potatoes, it is advisable to cool before consumption.