Use sunscreen beach days are essential during the summer, as it could help prevent the development of different conditions related to the Health, As the skin cancer. But in addition, it could also prevent episodes of insolation.
High temperatures and sun exposure are not equally bearable for everyone. In this sense, babies, the elderly and people with a lighter skin tone need to protect themselves better during the summer.
When a person spends too much time in the sun, the body can lose the ability to regulate the body’s temperature. This can be seen in a reaction in which the body becomes dehydrated, which can lead to heat stroke.
Heat stroke is a serious health condition caused by heat that can endanger people’s lives in severe cases. In these cases it happens that the person does not sweat enough to lower body temperature.
How to avoid heat stroke
With the sun you always have to be cautious and use sun protection, especially in the case of children, the elderly and people with fair skin tones. Although, there are a series of recommendations to avoid an episode of heatstroke.
On the one hand, it is appropriate to avoid the hottest hours of the day. This time slot is usually between 12:00 pm and 4:00 pm in the afternoon.
It is important to carry out constant hydration and drink at least two liters of water a day. It is an essential mint to prevent dehydration and heat stroke. In this sense, some fruits such as watermelon, melon or apple, with significant amounts of water, help keep the body hydrated.
As we pointed out previously, the use of sun protection is essential. It is very important to know how to select the sunscreen that best suits our characteristics; reason why the Organization of Consumers and Users (OCU) has developed a guide with the best sunscreens on the market.
It is also convenient to use protection such as sunglasses, cap or hat. It is vital to protect the head area from the sun’s ultraviolet rays, especially delicate in older people.
Thus, these are some other recommendations to avoid sunstroke in the summer months:
- Consume fresh and light products. It is appropriate to avoid large meals or hot dishes, because they increase the sensation of heat.
- Being in shady and ventilated areas to prevent the sun’s rays from directly affecting our body.
- Wear comfortable and slightly loose clothing as a measure so that heat is not trapped in the clothing.
What to do in case of heat stroke
During the summer there are numerous cases of heatstroke that usually occur. Therefore, it is important to know how to react if we see a person who could be having an episode of dehydration or heat stroke.
Some of the most common symptoms of heat stroke are fatigue, dizziness, fever, excessive sweating, or tiredness. Faced with these conditions, it is important to act quickly but without remaining calm.
First we must move the affected person to a shady and ventilated area. Next, we place the patient in a ‘semi-sitting’ situation, so that they can breathe correctly.
Thus, it is important to ventilate the person with a fan and apply cloths with cold water to areas such as the neck or forehead. Simultaneously we try to get the person to slowly drink a little cold water.
In the same way, it is important to call the health services before proceeding to help the person so that they can later undergo a medical check-up or to act in advance in the event that the patient faints.