Differences between probiotic and prebiotic foods


The feeding is a fundamental part of Humans. Thanks to the nutrients that food contains, the human body can function properly and therefore there is a perfect synergy in all the structures that compose it. Therefore, it is necessary to talk about probiotics Y prebiotics.

In this sense, probiotic and prebiotic foods play a more important role than we imagine in our health. And it is that the lining of the intestine is covered by microscopic creatures, which create a kind of microecosystem called the microbiome.

Thus, the way in which we feed the microbiome has a greater importance in health. That the microbiome is in a good state of health is directly reflected in well-being for the person.

Therefore, there are two ways to maintain the balance of the microbiome. On the one hand, we can help the microbes that are already there to grow and feed on prebiotics and add microbes directly to the system, known as probiotics.


Prebiotics are small microorganisms that act like fertilizers to promote growth among healthy bacteria found in the intestine.

Prebiotic foods
Prebiotic foods

Therefore, we can incorporate prebiotics into the body through the consumption of a wide variety of fruits and vegetables. The most appropriate are those that contain carbohydrates in their composition.

Prebiotics are made up of large molecules, which are part of dietary fiber. In short, they are indigestible substances in food that promote the activity and growth of healthy bacteria for the intestine.

When it comes to food, there is a long list of products that contain prebiotics. Some of the most prominent are bananas, artichokes, garlic, wheat, oats, honey, asparagus or leeks; among others.


Unlike prebiotics, probiotics are foods or supplements that contain a series of live microorganisms that aim to improve the healthy bacteria found in the gut microbiota.

probiotic foods
Probiotic foods

As explained from ‘MayoClinic’, probiotics can be seen in such common foods as yogurt or sauerkraut. Also important sources of probiotics are kombucha or kimchi, all fermented by bacteria.

Thus, probiotics are different because they harbor live microorganisms that are incorporated directly into the healthy microbial population in the gut. In any case, both probiotics and prebiotics are essential for health.

There are also probiotic supplements, which contain living organisms. A dose of these supplements can represent a strain of microbes or a mixture of them. However, the companies that market these types of products do so to deal with specific conditions.

Some foods with prebiotics and probiotics

Here we explain some of the best foods with prebiotics and probiotics suitable for the intestinal microbiota and consequently for a better health of the organism:

  1. Honey: Honey is a prebiotic food, because it provides a substrate that functions as a nutrient for the intestinal flora.
  2. Beer. Beer is a drink with prebiotic properties. However, as it is an alcoholic beverage, it is advisable not to abuse its consumption.
  3. Yogurt: Yogurt is one of the best probiotic foods, which provide beneficial microorganisms to the intestinal microbiota.
  4. Sauerkraut: Another great food with probiotics.
  5. Asparagus: One of its great properties is fiber, which makes it an ideal prebiotic for the body.

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