6 health problems with vitamin B12 deficiency


Every time we consume a food we are ingesting all its properties, such as vitamins or minerals so necessary for the body. Is that thanks to the nutrition the human body can function as a perfect machine. And that is why the body requires the intake of different nutrients, such as b12 vitamin.

Each vitamin has specific characteristics and fulfills a specific function in the body. That is why it is so important to carry out a varied and healthy diet, since in this way we can incorporate the necessary doses of practically all the essential vitamins.

With the exception of vitamin D, whose main source is the sun’s ultraviolet rays, beyond the diet itself. Although there are also foods that provide significant amounts of this vitamin.

Consume vitamin B12

Speaking of important vitamins, one of them is vitamin B12, which is essential for protein metabolism in the body. In addition, its main functions include its contribution to the correct formation of red blood cells and its involvement in the central nervous system.

B12 vitamin
b12 vitamin

One of the peculiarities of this vitamin of group B is that it is only found in foods of animal origin; such as animal entrails, shellfish, poultry, eggs, milk, dairy products and other fortified foods.

So generally, people who follow a vegetarian or vegan diet, without incorporating products of animal origin, have a greater tendency to present a lack of vitamin B12. And there is no fruit or vegetable that naturally contains vitamin B12.

Negative effects of vitamin B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 deficiency is caused mainly by two fundamental factors: Inadequate intake of foods that contain this vitamin, or difficulty in the body to absorb vitamin B12 correctly.

In this sense, it is important to note that people over 50 years of age begin to lose absorption capacity and can develop deficiency, beyond people who follow a vegan or vegetarian diet.

Other causes why a person may have difficulties storing this vitamin are digestive disorders or having undergone intestinal surgery.

Thus, in cases of deficiency it is advisable to go to a medical specialist who prescribes the consumption of some type of supplement or treatment to regulate the values ​​of this micronutrient in the body.

These are some of the negative effects that vitamin B12 deficiency can cause in the body in the short and long term:

  1. Loss of balance.
  2. Numbness or tingling in the arms and legs.
  3. Disorientation.
  4. Dementia.
  5. Weakness.
  6. Megaloblastic anemia.

Thus, it is advisable to combine the consumption of this vitamin with others such as niacin, vitamin B6, magnesium, riboflavin or others from group B. All of them help the body to better absorb vitamin B12 from food.

Stage of life Recommended amount
Babies up to 6 months of age 0.4 mcg
Babies 7 to 12 months of age 0.5 mcg
Children 1 to 3 years of age 0.9 mcg
Children 4-8 years old 1.2 mcg
Children 9 to 13 years old 1.8 mcg
Adolescents 14 to 18 years of age 2.4 mcg
Adults 2.4 mcg
Pregnant women and adolescents 2.6 mcg
Breastfeeding women and adolescents 2.8 mcg

In the table above, provided by the National Institute of Health of the United States you will be able to observe the different doses that a person needs of vitamin B12 per day. Factors such as age, sex, pregnancy or diseases depend on it.

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